"Oil and butter,"--The Master told this while dwelling in Jetavana, concerning a greedy Brother. Finding that he was greedy the Master said to him, "This is not the first time you are greedy: once before through greed in Benares you were not satisfied with carcases of elephants, oxen, horses and men; and in hopes of getting better food you went to the forest;" and so he told an old tale.

"Once upon a time when Brahmadatta was reigning in Benares, the Bodhisattva was born as a quail and lived in the forest on rude grass and seeds. At the time there was in Benares a greedy crow who, not content with carcases of elephants and other animals, went to the forest in hopes of better food: eating wild fruits there he saw the Bodhisattva and thinking 'This quail is very fat: I fancy he eats sweet food, I will ask him of his food and eating it become fat myself,' he perched on a bough above the Bodhisattva. The Bodhisattva, without being asked, gave him greeting and spoke the first stanza:--

"'Oil and butter are your victuals, nuncle; rich your food, I trow:
Tell me then what is the reason of your leanness, master crow.'

"Hearing his words the crow spoke three stanzas:--

"'I dwell in midst of many foes, my heart goes pit-a-pat
In terror as I seek my food: how can a crow be fat?

"'Crows spend their lives in fear, their wits for mischief ever keen;
The bits they pick are not enough; good quail, that's why I'm lean.

"'Rude grass and seeds are all your food: there's little richness there:
Then tell me why you're fat, good quail, on such a scanty fare.'

"The Bodhisattva hearing him spoke these stanzas, explaining the reason of his fatness:--

"'I have content and easy mind, short distances to go,
I live on anything I get, and so I'm fat, good crow.

"'Content of mind, and happiness with little care of heart,
A standard easily attained: that life's the better part.'"

After the lesson, the Master declared the Truths, and identified the Birth:--At the end of the Truths the Brother was established in the fruition of the First Path: "At that time the crow was the greedy Brother, the quail was myself."