"Who spite of honor,"--This story the Master, when dwelling at Jetavana, told concerning a rich merchant, a friend of Anatha Pindika, who lived in a border province. Both the introductory story and the story of the past are related in full in the concluding Birth of the ninth division of the first book, but in this version when the merchant of Benares was told that the followers of the foreign merchant were mulcted of all their property and, after losing everything they possessed, had to take to flight, he said, "Because they failed to do what they ought for the strangers who came to them, they find no one ready to do them a good turn." And so saying he repeated these verses:
"Who spite of honor, while he plays the part
Thus did the Great Being, disgusted by coming into contact with evil associates, through the power of solitude, bring his teaching to a climax and lead men to the eternal Nirvana.
The Master, his lesson ended, thus identified the Birth: "At that time I myself was the merchant of Benares."