At Rajagaha, they say, the daughter of the household of a rich merchant actually formed an intimacy with her own slave. Frightened at the thought: "Others also may know what I have done," she spoke thus: "It is out of the question for us to live in this place. If my mother and father come to know of this misdeed, they will rend us limb from limb. Let us go elsewhere and live."
Taking such necessary things as they could carry in their hand, they left the house by the principal door. "No matter where it is," said they both with one accord, "let us go to some place unknown to others," and so they did. They took up their residence in a certain place, and after they had lived together, she conceived a child.
When her unborn child reached maturity, she took counsel with her husband, saying: "My unborn child has reached maturity. If I bring forth my child in a place removed from kith and kin, it will bring naught but pain to both of us alike. Let's go right home!" "We'll go to-day! we'll go to-morrow!" said he, and let the days slip by.
Thought she: "This simpleton, because of the greatness of his own misdeed, has not the courage to go. Mother and father are one's best friends. Let this fellow go or not; I must go." When he left the house, she put the household utensils away, and having informed her next-door neighbors that she was going home, she started out on the road.
Now when that man returned to the house and saw her not, he asked the neighbors. Hearing, "She has gone home," he followed after her quickly and came up with her on the road. And right there she gave birth to her child. "What is it, wife?" asked he. "Husband, a son is born." "Now what shall we do?" "What we are going home for has happened by the way. If we go there, what shall we do? Let's go back." With one accord the two turned back.
To that boy, because he was born by the way, they gave the name Wayman. In no very long time she conceived yet another child in her womb. (All is to be related in detail precisely as before.) To that boy also, because he was born by the way, they gave the name Wayman, calling the first born Big Wayman, and the other Little Wayman. Taking the two boys with them, they went back again to their own place of residence.
While they were living there, this boy Wayman heard other boys speak of their uncles and grandfathers and grandmothers. He asked his mother: "Mother, other boys speak of their grandfathers and grandmothers. Haven't we any relatives?" "Yes, my son. You have no relatives here. In Rajagaha City you have a grandfather who is a rich merchant. There you have many relatives." "Why don't we go there, mother?" She did not tell her son why she would not go. Since her sons asked repeatedly, she said to her husband: "These children weary me excessively. Will my mother and father eat us alive if they see us? Come, let us show the children their grandfather's household." "I shall not dare be present, but I will conduct you." "Very well, good sir; by some means or other the children must see their grandfather's house-hold."
Husband and wife, taking the children, in due course reached Rajagaha, and found lodging for the night in a certain rest-house at the city-gate. The mother of the children sent word to her mother and father that she had arrived with the two children. When they heard that message, they said: "As we have passed to and fro in the round of existences, we have not hitherto had a son or a daughter. They have done us a great wrong; it is out of the question for them to stand in our sight. But let the two take such-and-such a sum of money and go and live in a pleasant place. The children, however, they may send here." The merchant's daughter took the money sent her by her mother and father, placed the children in the hands of the very messengers that came, and sent them. The children grew up in the household of their grandfather.
Of the two boys, Little Wayman was very young, but Big Wayman used to go with his grandfather to hear the Possessor of the Ten Forces preach the Doctrine. As a result of listening regularly to religious discourse from the lips of the Teacher, his thoughts inclined to the adoption of the Religious Life. Said he to his grandfather: "If you agree, I should like to become a monk." "What say you, my son? Were you alone to adopt the Religious Life, it would please me more than it would were even the whole world so to do. If, my son, you are able so to do, by all means become a monk." So saying, he gave his consent, and went to the Teacher.
Said the Teacher: "Great merchant, you have a boy?" "Yes, Reverend Sir, this boy is a grandson of mine; I give my consent for him to become a monk under you." The Teacher bade a certain monk on his round for alms: "Make a monk of this boy." The Elder assigned to him as a Subject of Meditation the first five of the Constituent Parts of the Body, and made a monk of him. He learned much of the Word of the Buddha, and after completing residence during the season of the rains, made his full profession. After making his full profession, by the Practice of Meditation he obtained the Four Trances leading to the Realm of Formlessness, and arising therefrom, attained Sainthood. Thus did he become foremost of those who are skilled in the development of perception.
As he diverted himself with the Bliss of the Trances, with the Bliss of the Path, with the Bliss of the Fruit, and with the Bliss of Nirvana, he thought: "Assuredly it is possible to bestow this Bliss on Little Wayman." Accordingly, going to his grandfather the merchant, he said: "Great merchant, if you agree, I should like to make a monk of Little Wayman." "Make a monk of him, Reverend Sir." The Elder made a monk of the boy Little Wayman, and established him in the Ten Precepts. The novice Little Wayman received from his brother the following stanza:
Even as the lotus, the red lotus, of fragrant perfume,
Every verse he learned put the preceding verse out of his mind; while he was striving merely to learn this one stanza, four months passed. Now Big Wayman said to him: "Wayman, you are incapable of mastering this Religion. In four months you are unable to learn even one stanza. How then do you expect to bring your religious duties to a head? Depart hence."
Little Wayman, bowed out by the Elder, stood weeping on the outskirts of the monastery. At that time the Teacher was in residence at Jivaka's Mango Grove near Rajagaha. Jivaka sent a man, saying: "Invite the Teacher with five hundred monks." Now at that time Big Wayman was steward of the Order. When Jivaka's man said, "Reverend Sir, accept food in alms for five hundred monks," Big Wayman replied, "I accept for all except Simpleton Wayman." When Little Wayman heard this speech, he felt worse yet.
The Teacher, seeing Little Wayman's distress, thought: "Little Wayman will awaken if I go to him." He went, allowed himself to be seen no great distance off, and said: "Little Wayman, you are weeping?" "Reverend Sir, my brother bowed me out." "Wayman, your brother has no knowledge of the disposition and inclination of other individuals. You are an individual susceptible of treat-merit by a Buddha." So saying, he created by magic a clean rag and gave it to him. "Wayman," said he, "take this and develop [Concentration] by repeating the words: 'Removal of Impurity! Removal of Impurity.'"
Little Wayman sat down and rubbed with his hand the rag given him by the Teacher, saying as he did so: "Removal of Impurity! Removal of Impurity!" As he did so, the fibers became soiled. As he continued to rub it, it got to look like a pot-wiper. Having attained Ripeness of Knowledge, he established thereon the concept of Decay and Death, and reflected: "This rag, naturally white and perfectly clean, by reason of a body which has the Attachments, has become soiled. Precisely so does it fare with the thoughts also." He developed Concentration, and employing as props the Four Trances leading to the Realm of Form, attained Sainthood together with the [Four] Analytical Powers. Having obtained Knowledge of a Spiritual Body, he was able, being one man, to become many men; and, being many men, to become one man. By the Path of Sainthood merely, he acquired both the Tepitaka and the Six Supernatural Powers.
On the following day the Teacher, accompanied by five hundred monks less one, went and sat down in Jivaka's residence. But Little Wayman, for the simple reason that food in alms had not been accepted for himself, did not go. Jivaka started to give gruel. The Teacher covered his bowl with his hand. "Why, Reverend Sir, do you not take it?" "There is one monk left in the monastery, Jivaka." Jivaka sent a man, saying: "Go get the noble monk who sits in the monastery and fetch him back with you."
As for the Elder Little Wayman, before ever that man arrived, he created a thousand monks. Not a single one did he make like any other. Of not a single one did he make the monk's labor,--examination of robes, for example,--like any other. That man, seeing the multiplicity of monks in the monastery, went and said to Jivaka: "Reverend Sir, the Congregation of Monks in the monastery is larger than this Congregation of Monks here. I do not know which reverend monk I ought to summon."
Jivaka in turn asked the Teacher: "Reverend Sir, what is the name of the monk who sits in the monastery?" "His name is Little Wayman, Jivaka." "Go sir, ask, 'Which is the monk named Little Wayman?' and fetch him back with you." The man went to the monastery and asked: "Which is the monk named Little Wayman?" "I am Little Wayman! I am Little Wayman!" cried the thousand monks as one monk. Again he went and said to Jivaka: "Monks to the number of a thousand, each and every one, cry out: 'I am Little Wayman!' I do not know: 'Such-and-such a monk is the one to summon.'" Jivaka, knowing by inference that the monks were created by magical power acquired through Penetration of Truth, said: "Friend, say to the very first monk who speaks: 'The Teacher summons you;' and take him by the hem of his robe and fetch him back with you." The man went to the monastery and did so. Immediately monks to the number of a thousand disappeared. That man returned with the Elder. The Teacher at that moment took gruel.
When the Possessor of the Ten Forces had finished his meal and had returned to the monastery, the following talk began in the Hall of Truth: "How mighty, indeed, are the Buddhas! They have endowed with magical power so great as this, a monk who in the space of four months could not learn a single stanza." The Teacher, knowing the course of the thoughts of those monks, seated himself in the Seat of the Buddhas and asked: "Monks, what are you saying?" "Exalted One, naught but this are we saying: 'Little Wayman has received rich gain from you.' Of your virtues only are we talking."
"It is no wonder, monks, that just now, by obeying my admonition, he obtained an inheritance which transcends the world. This youth in a former existence also, when my knowledge was not yet fully ripened, by obeying my admonition obtained a worldly inheritance." "When was that, Reverend Sir?" said the monks, requesting to know more about it. The Teacher explained the matter to those monks by relating the following
"Monks, in times past a king named Brahmadatta ruled in Benares City. At that time a wise, far-sighted youth named Merchant Little knew all the signs. One day, as he was on his way to wait upon the king, he saw a decayed mouse in the street. Comparing the positions of the constellations at the moment, he said this: 'It is possible for a youth who has his eyes open, by picking up this mouse, both to support a wife and to carry on business.'
"A certain poverty-stricken youth, hearing those words of the merchant, thought: 'It cannot be that this man does not know what he is talking about.' He picked up the mouse, offered it in a certain shop for cat's food, and received a farthing. With that farthing he obtained raw sugar, and water in a water-pot. At dawn, seeing garland-makers approaching, he presented ever so small a fragment of sugar, and presented water in a ladle. They gave him each a handful of flowers. With those flowers as capital, on the following day also he obtained raw sugar and a jar of water, and went to the same flower garden. That day the garland-makers gave him half-plucked stalks of flowers as they went by. In no very long time he obtained in this way eight pieces of money. Again, one windy rainy day, he went to the refuse-yard, piled up the sticks that had fallen, and sat down. From the king's potter he received sixteen pieces of money.
"Having thus accumulated twenty-four pieces of money, he thought: 'This is the way for me!' At a point not far from the city he set a chatty of water and served five hundred grass-carriers with water. Said they: 'You, sir, are doing much for us. What can we do for you?' Said he: 'When I have something to do, please help me out.' Going about here and there, he made friends with a landsman and a seaman. The landsman told him: 'To-morrow a horse-dealer will arrive with five hundred horses.' Hearing his words, he gave the sign to the grass-carriers and had them fetch twice as many bundles of grass. And when the horses entered the city, having piled up a thousand bundles of grass in the gateway, he sat down. The horse-dealer, unable to get feed for his horses anywhere in the city, gave him a thousand pieces of money and took that grass.
"A few days after that, his friend the seaman told him: 'A big ship has arrived in port.' He thought: 'This is the way!' With eight pieces of money he hired a covered chariot for so much an hour, went to the ship's port, and pledged a seal-ring for the ship. Not far off he had a tent set up, and seating himself therein, gave orders to his men: 'When merchants arrive from abroad, have them announced by three porters.'
"Hearing, 'A ship has arrived in port,' a hundred merchants came from Benares, saying, 'Let us have wares.' 'Wares you will not get; in such-and-such a place is a great merchant who has given a pledge for the lot.' Hearing this, they went to him. Attendants, at a sign from the first porter, sent announcement of their arrival by three porters. Those hundred merchants, giving each a thousand pieces of money, acquired possession of the ship with him as partner; and again giving him each a thousand pieces of money, acquired his interest in the ship and made the wares their own property.
"That youth, having gained two hundred thousand pieces of money, returned to Benares. Thinking, 'One should show his gratefulness,' he went to Merchant Little, causing one hundred thousand pieces of money to be carried with him. The merchant asked him: 'Friend, what did you do to get this wealth?' The youth replied: 'By following the suggestion which you made, I got this in only four months' time.' The merchant, hearing his reply, thought: 'Now I must not let such a youth get into the hands of another.' So when the youth grew up, the merchant gave him his daughter in marriage and made him master of all his wealth. That youth, on the death of the merchant, succeeded to the rank of principal merchant in that city, and having remained on earth during the term of life allotted to him, passed away according to his deeds." End of Story of the Past.
The Teacher, having related the two stories, joined the connection, and speaking as One Fully Enlightened, uttered the following stanza:
"Even with little wealth, a man who is wise and intelligent
Thus did the Teacher explain this matter to the monks seated in the Hall of Truth. But subsequently, the Teacher, surrounded by the Company of the Noble, seated in the Seat of Truth, assigned to Elder Little Wayman the rank of foremost of those who have power to create a spiritual body, and of those who are skilled in the development of thought; and to Big Wayman the rank of foremost of those who are skilled in the development of perception.